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3 Requirements For Accurate Flow Cytometry Compensation

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For those new to flow cytometry, compensation is confusing at best and terrifying at worst. Likewise, those who have been doing flow cytometry since the analog ages may be holding on to practices that, while suited to the analog instruments, should be left to the annals of history. As such, a lot of time is spent discussing compensation and the best practices for this critical process. There are 3 rules that guide proper compensation, and they’ve been written about extensively since they first appeared in the “Daily Dongle” in 2011. Here, we will review the classic rules and expand upon the tacit assumptions required to fulfill them.

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5 Considerations For Statistical Analysis Of Flow Cytometry Data

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Congratulations, your grant has been funded! Next comes generating data and publishing papers. What was that hypothesis again? It must be in the grant somewhere, right? To avoid even the appearance of HARKing — Hypothesizing After The Results Are Known — it is important to start the statistical analysis process even before the first experiments are performed. This process consists of 5 steps: setting the null hypothesis, establishing a threshold, performing the experiments, performing the statistical tests, and communicating the results. Walk with us as we discuss these steps in an example workflow.

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How To Choose The Correct Antibody For Accurate Flow Cytometry Results

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With the added emphasis on reproducibility, it is critical to look at every step where experiments can be improved. No single step makes an experiment more reproducible, rather it is a process, making changes at each stage that leads to reproducibility. Antibodies comprise a critical component that needs to be reviewed. As Bradbury et al. in a commentary in Nature pointed out, the global spending on antibodies is about $1.6 billion a year, and it is estimated about half of that money is spent on “bad” antibodies. This does not include the additional costs of wasted time and effort by the researcher using these bad antibodies. Using tools to identify the best reagent to use, considering a switch to recombinant antibodies, and properly validating reagents for use in an assay, are 3 steps that will improve the reproducibility of your experiments.

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How To Achieve Accurate Flow Cytometry Calcium Flux Measurements

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Dyes exist for the detection of everything from large nucleic acids to reactive oxygen species, and from lipid aggregates to small ions. Concentrations of physiologically important ions such as sodium, potassium, and calcium can be important indicators of health and disease. Calcium ions play an especially critical role in cellular signaling. As a signaling messenger, calcium is involved in everything from muscle contractions, to cell motility, to enzyme activity. Calcium experiments can be very informative, and with the advent of cheaper UV lasers, more and more researchers can use ratiometric measurements to evaluate the signaling processes in phenotypically defined populations.

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5 Essential Beads For Flow Cytometry Experiments

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Flow cytometry is designed to measure physical and biochemical characteristics of cells and cell-like particles using fluorescence. Fundamentally, any single-particle suspension (within a defined size range) can pass through the flow cytometer. Beads, for better or worse, are a sine qua non for the flow cytometrist. From quality control,to standardization, to compensation, there is a bead for every job. They are important — critical, even — for flow cytometry.

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